Brown felt blight

Brown felt blight - Brown felt-like mycelial masses characteristic of <em>Herpotrichia juniperi</em> covering needles and branches of spruce
  • Latin name: Herpotrichia juniperi (Duby) Petr.
  • French name: Feutrage brun
  • Division: Ascomycota
  • Class: Pleosporales
  • Synonym(s): Herpotrichia nigra R. Hartig,
    Pyrenochaeta sp.
Description

Micro-habitat(s)

Twig, Leaf, Scale, Branch

Distribution

Canada

Damage, symptoms and biology

Branch dieback or death occurs on seedlings and the lower branches of larger trees. Although rarely a problem in natural forests, this disease can cause significant loss in bare root nurseries and young plantations where sufficient snow is present.

The fungus is spread by ascospores that fall with the twigs and dead needles of infected trees. The litter, infected by the mycelium and ascospores that have fallen on the snow, is deposited on live branches under the melting snow, causing a new infection.

A brown felt forms at temperatures of just over 0oC early in the spring.

Other information

Another "snow mould" that occurs on true firs and Douglas-fir is Phacidium abietis (Dearn.) Reid & Cain, but it does not invade branches or cause dieback.

Canadian Forest Service Publications

Brown felt blight

Information on host(s)

Main host(s)

Amabilis fir, black spruce, common juniper, Engelmann spruce, grand fir, juniper, mountain hemlock, mugho pine, Nootka false cypress, Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir, Rocky Mountain juniper, shore pine, Sitka spruce, subalpine fir, western hemlock, western redcedar, western white pine, white spruce, yew

Secondary host(s)

Creeping juniper

Photos
  • Brown felt blight Brown felt-like mycelial masses characteristic of Herpotrichia juniperi covering needles and branches of spruce
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