Scleroderris canker, European strain

Scleroderris canker, European strain - Red pine infected with the European race of <em>Gremmeniella abietina</em>, the cause of Scleroderris canker.
  • Latin name: Gremmeniella abietina var. Eu (Lagerberg) Morelet
  • French name: Chancre scléroderrien, race européenne
  • Division: Ascomycota
  • Class: Helotiales
  • Synonym(s): Ascocalyx abietina, race européenne (Lagerberg) Schläpfer,
    Lagerbergia abietina, race européenne (Lagerberg) J. Reid in Dennis,
    Scleroderris abietina, race européenne (Lagerberg) Gremmen,
    Scleroderris lagerbergii, race européenne Gremmen
Description

Micro-habitat(s)

Branch

Distribution

Eastern Canada

Damage, symptoms and biology

Serious disease in natural forests, plantations and nurseries. There are two strains of the causal fungus in eastern North America, the American strain and the European strain, which is more virulent. In both cases, infection begins with a browning of the needles, which kills the buds on the affected shoot. The infection spreads along the shoot, which turns greenish yellow and dies. Infections caused by the American strain are generally limited to the first 2 m of the stem, whereas the European strain causes infections that can invade the whole crown. A canker forms when the disease reaches the trunk. This disease is rarely fatal when caused by the American strain of the fungus; however, under favourable conditions, the European strain can kill affected trees over a few years.

Other information

Although large trees affected by the American strain rarely die, they supply spores that allow the disease to spread.

Canadian Forest Service Publications

Scleroderris canker, European strain

Information on host(s)

Main host(s)

Eastern white pine, jack pine, red pine

Photos
  • Scleroderris canker, European strain Red pine infected with the European race of Gremmeniella abietina, the cause of Scleroderris canker.
  • Scleroderris canker, European strain Damaged pine
  • Scleroderris canker, European strain Moribund pine stand
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