Smooth serviceberry

  • Latin name: Amelanchier laevis Wieg.
  • French name: Amélanchier glabre
  • Synonym(s): Smooth juneberry , Allegheny serviceberry
  • Taxonomic Serial Number: 182046
Description

Leaves

  • Leaf - smooth serviceberry

Form

  • Deciduous, alternate, simple
  • Oval, abruptly tapered to a sharp tip
  • Veins tend to be straight and parallel, about 10 per side
  • Veins stop short of the teeth
  • At flowering time, at least half-grown and hairless

Length

  • 3–8 cm

Colour

  • At flowering time, very distinctively coppery-red

Margin

  • Teeth small, regular, sharp
  • About 25 per side, mostly toothless toward the petiole

Petiole

  • Slender

Buds

  • Lateral bud and leaf scar - smooth serviceberry

Form

  • Narrowly ovoid
  • Twisted, tapering to a point
  • Pressed tightly against the twig
  • About 5 scales
  • Terminal bud much like the lateral buds
  • Leaf scars with 3 large vein scars

Length

  • 8–12 mm

Twigs

Form

  • Slender
  • Ridges extend down from either side of the leaf scar
  • Pith 5-pointed
  • A neoformed shoot usually develops from one or more leaf axils below a terminal flower cluster

Flowers

Form

  • Showy; 5 petals
  • In drooping clusters at the tips of new leafy shoots
  • Insect-pollinated

Length

  • Lower stalks longer than the upper ones
  • Petals 10–17 mm

Colour

  • White

Structure

  • Synoecious

Floral timing

  • Early in spring, before or with the leaves

Fruits

Form

  • Berry-like, with 5–10 hard seeds
  • Juicy, sweet

Length

  • Lowermost fruit stalk about 25–45 mm

Width

  • 6–10 mm

Colour

  • Reddish or purplish

Timing

  • Ripening in late July or early August

Seeds

Form

  • Remain viable for some years at near-freezing temperatures
  • Germinate after exposure to moist cool conditions

Seedlings

Form

  • Cotyledons small, leafy
  • Raised above the surface during germination

Bark

Form

  • Smooth, conspicuously marked by a slightly twisted network of darker vertical lines
  • Becoming rough and scaly with age

Colour

  • Grey

Size

Height

  • To 10 m

Diameter

  • To 20 cm

Tree form

Forest-grown

Trunk

  • Slender, very little taper

Crown

  • Narrow, irregular

Habitat

Site

  • Moist woodlands
  • In the forest understory, at forest edges, on sand plains and rocky outcrops, and along fencerows

Range

In woodlands from Newfoundland to Lake Superior

Photos
  • Smooth serviceberry
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