Burning-bush euonymus

Silhouette - burning-bush euonymus
  • Latin name: Euonymus atropurpureus Jacq.
  • French name: Fusain pourpre
  • Synonym(s): Spindle tree , eastern wahoo
  • Taxonomic Serial Number: 27948
Description

Leaves

  • Leaf - burning-bush euonymus

Form

  • Oval, long-pointed

Length

  • 5–12 cm

Autumn colour

  • Red

Margin

  • Finely toothed

Petiole

  • About 1 cm long

Buds

  • Lateral bud and leaf scar - burning-bush euonymus

Form

  • Terminal bud present, ovoid, pointed
  • 6 narrow scales
  • Lateral buds pressed against the twig

Length

  • Terminal bud 2–4 mm

Colour

  • Green tinged with red

Twigs

  • Cross section of 2-year-old twig - burning-bush euonymus
  • Winter twig - burning-bush euonymus

Form

  • Smooth
  • Somewhat 4-sided

Colour

  • Greenish

Flowers

Form

  • Small, in cymes

Colour

  • Purplish

Structure

  • Synoecious

Fruits

  • Fruit capsule (left); aril (right) - burning-bush euonymus

Form

  • Capsules
  • 4 prominent lobes
  • Splitting to reveal 4 seeds
  • Seeds enclosed in a fleshy aril
  • Remain on the tree after the leaves have fallen
  • Dispersed by birds

Width

  • 10–14 mm

Colour

  • Aril bright orange-red

Autumn colour

  • Aril pink when ripe

Structure

  • Capsule

Bark

Colour

  • Greenish-grey streaked with reddish-brown

Size

Height

  • To 6 m
  • The only native euonymus species reaching tree size

Habitat

Site

  • Along streams, on floodplains, and in moist woodlands
  • Occasionally in rocky woods
Photos
  • Burning-bush euonymus
Distribution map
Distribution map - burning-bush euonymus
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