Common winterberry

  • Latin name: Ilex verticillata (L.) A. Gray
  • French name: Houx verticillé
  • Taxonomic Serial Number: 27985
Description

Leaves

  • Leaf - common winterberry

Form

  • Deciduous, oval
  • Lower surface may be hairy

Length

  • 4–10 cm

Colour

  • Upper surface dark green

Margin

  • Finely toothed

Buds

  • Lateral bud and leaf scar - common winterberry

Form

  • Small, rounded
  • Several scales

Twigs

Form

  • Ridged

Colour

  • Light brown

Flowers

Form

  • In small clusters in the leaf axils

Structure

  • Dioecious

Fruits

  • Fruit (left); seed (right) - common winterberry

Form

  • Berry-like, on short stalks
  • In small clusters in the axils of the basal leaves
  • Remain on the tree after the leaves fall

Width

  • 5–8 mm

Colour

  • Red or orange

Bark

Form

  • Warty lenticels

Colour

  • Mottled grey

Range

Newfoundland to Lake Superior, south to Tennessee and Georgia

Photos
  • Common winterberry
  • Common winterberry
  • Common winterberry
Distribution map
Distribution map - common winterberry
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