Pacific crab apple

Silhouette - Pacific crab apple
  • Latin name: Malus fusca (Raf.) C.K. Schneid.
  • French name: Pommier du Pacifique
  • Synonym(s): Oregon crab apple
  • Taxonomic Serial Number: 25258
    516654 [syn. M. diversifolia (Bong.) M. Roem.]
Description

Leaves

  • Leaf - Pacific crab apple

Form

  • Elongate triangular, base round to heart-shaped
  • Lower surface almost hairless

Length

  • 3–8 cm

Buds

Form

  • Terminal bud elongated, blunt
  • Hairy, with 5 scales
  • Lateral bud similar but smaller, pressed against the twig
  • 3 veins scars per leaf scar

Length

  • Terminal bud 3–5 mm
  • Lateral buds 2–4 mm

Colour

  • Red

Twigs

Form

  • Slender; hairy during the 1st year
  • Dwarf shoots often end in a thorn

Colour

  • Reddish-brown with a greyish skin that gradually flakes off

Flowers

Form

  • Very showy
  • In small clusters of 2–3

Width

  • 20–30 mm

Colour

  • White, streaked with pink

Structure

  • Synoecious

Floral Timing

  • After the new leaves have unfolded

Fruits

  • Fruit (left); seed (right) - Pacific crab apple

Form

  • Almost round, hard
  • Not waxy, sour
  • Remain on the tree into winter

Length

  • 12–20 mm, longer than wide

Colour

  • Red or yellow with red patches

Bark

Form

  • Scaly

Colour

  • Reddish-brown

Size

Height

  • To 9 m

Diameter

  • To 30 cm

Tree form

  • Silhouette - Pacific crab apple

Forest-grown

Crown

  • Irregular, spreading

Open-grown

Crown

  • Often a thicket-forming shrub

Habitat

Site

  • In swampy woods and along streams

Range

Coastal British Columbia, southward into the United States

Distribution map
Distribution map - Pacific crab apple
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