Pin cherry

Silhouette - pin cherry
  • Latin name: Prunus pennsylvanica L. f.
  • French name: Cerisier de Pennsylvanie
  • Synonym(s): Wild red cherry , fire cherry
  • Taxonomic Serial Number: 24799
Description

Leaves

  • Leaf with detail of minute uneven teeth - pin cherry

Form

  • Lance-shaped, gradually tapering to a slender, sharp tip
  • Widest below or near the middle
  • Thin and fragile
  • Hairless
  • Commonly curved backward

Length

  • 8–15 cm

Colour

  • Shiny yellowish-green

Autumn colour

  • Bright purplish-red

Margin

  • Minute, uneven teeth
  • Margin folded upward along the midvein

Buds

  • Lateral bud and leaf scar - pin cherry

Form

  • Small, rounded
  • Diverging slightly from the twig
  • Terminal bud and several similar lateral buds clustered at the end of the twig

Length

  • 1–2 mm

Twigs

  • Lateral bud and leaf scar - pin cherry

Form

  • Very slender
  • Neoformed branches may develop on vigorous shoots

Colour

  • Reddish

Flowers

Form

  • In tassel-like clusters of 4–7

Structure

  • Synoecious

Floral timing

  • When the leaves are about half-grown

Fruits

  • Fruit - pin cherry

Form

  • Thin, sour, edible flesh
  • Slender-stalked
  • Produced abundantly

Width

  • 6–8 mm

Colour

  • Bright red

Timing

  • Ripen late July to early September

Seeds

  • May live for decades on the forest floor

Seedlings

Form

  • Cotyledons small, leafy
  • Raised above the surface

Bark

Form

  • Smooth, shiny
  • Lenticels conspicuous, large, widely spaced, horizontal, powdery
  • With age separating into horizontal papery strips

Colour

  • Dark reddish-brown
  • Lenticels orange

Size

Height

  • To 12 m

Diameter

  • 25 cm

Maximum age

  • 40 years

Tree form

  • Silhouette - pin cherry

Open-grown

Trunk

  • Fairly straight

Crown

  • Narrow, round-topped
  • Branches ascending at first, becoming nearly horizontal and spreading with age

Habitat

Site

  • Areas recently cleared by cutting, windthrow or burning
  • Along rivers in the Prairies

Light tolerance

  • Intolerant of shade
Photos
  • Pin cherry
  • Pin cherry
  • Pin cherry
  • Pin cherry
  • Pin cherry
  • Pin cherry
  • Pin cherry
  • Pin cherry
  • Pin cherry
Distribution map
Distribution map - pin cherry
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