Eastern redcedar

Silhouette - eastern redcedar
  • Latin name: Juniperus virginiana L.
  • French name: Genévier de Virginie
  • Synonym(s): Red juniper , eastern juniper
  • Taxonomic Serial Number: 18048
  • NA2 , C3
Description

Leaves

  • Leafy shoot - eastern redcedar
  • Scale leaves - eastern redcedar
  • Needle leaves - eastern redcedar

Form

  • Scale leaves with or without glandular depressions on the outer surface, pointed
  • Successive pairs overlapping
  • Needle leaves often on same branch with scale leaves

Length

  • Scale leaves 2 mm
  • Needle leaves 12 mm

Colour

  • Dark bluish-green becoming yellowish-brown in winter

Twigs

Form

  • Slender, 4-sided

Seed cones (mature)

  • Seed cone - eastern redcedar

Form

  • Berry-like
  • Firm

Width

  • 3–6 mm

Colour

  • Dark blue with a whitish powder

Structure

  • Containing 1 or 2 seeds

Timing

  • Ripen in first autumn

Bark

Form

  • Thin, fibrous
  • Separating into long, narrow shreds

Colour

  • Reddish-brown

Wood

Texture

  • Moderately heavy and hard, weak
  • Strongly aromatic
  • Heartwood resistant to decay

Colour

  • Heartwood bright purplish-red to dull red
  • Sapwood nearly white

Size

Height

  • To 10 m

Diameter

  • To 20 cm

Tree form

  • Silhouette - eastern redcedar

Forest-grown

Trunk

  • Tapering rapidly, cross-section irregular

Crown

  • Narrowly pyramidal or columnar becoming open and irregular
  • Branches short, slender, ascending

Root system

  • Deep where soil conditions are favourable

Habitat

Site

  • Scattered locations on rocky ridges and on dry sandy soils
  • Often abundant in pastures and abandoned fields
  • Also in isolated localities along migration routes of seed-eating birds

Light tolerance

  • Full sun

Range

An eastern species

Photos
  • Eastern redcedar
  • Eastern redcedar
  • Eastern redcedar
  • Eastern redcedar
  • Eastern redcedar
  • Eastern redcedar
Distribution map
Distribution map - eastern redcedar
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