Identify a conifer tree

Group 3

Pines

Needles evergreen, in bundles of 2, 3, or 5; seeds in cones

Only 5-needle pine in eastern North America

  • Eastern white pine

The most widely distributed pine in Canada; 2 needles less than 7 cm long, slightly twisted

  • Jack pine

5-needle pine found in the mountains of British Columbia and Alberta; cones cylindrical, 8-20 cm long

  • Limber pine

Medium-sized 2-needle pine from western Canada; trunk straight

  • Lodgepole pine

3-needle pine from eastern Canada

  • Pitch pine

Pine of western Canada, usually with 3 needles

  • Ponderosa pine

2-needle pine from eastern Canada; needles straight, more than 7 cm long

  • Red pine

2-needle pine from western Canada; trunk often crooked

  • Shore pine

Only 5-needle pine species growing at low elevations in the mountains of western Canada

  • Western white pine

5-needle pine found in the mountains of British Columbia and Alberta; cones ovoid, 5-8 cm long

  • Whitebark pine
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