Laminated root rot douglas-fir form

Laminated root rot douglas-fir form - Fruiting body of <em>P. weirii</em> on Douglas-fir
  • Latin name: Phellinus weirii-1 (Murrill) R. L. Gilbertson
  • French name: Carie laminée des racines du Douglas taxifolié
  • Division: Basidiomycota
  • Class: Aphyllophorales
Description

Micro-habitat(s)

Base of tree

Distribution

Western Canada

Damage, symptoms and biology

Western red cedar is rarely killed by P. weirii, damage being confined mostly to butt rot, which can extend 2 to 3 m up the bole of living trees; in cases of severe decay, up to 10 m. Most old-growth cedar has some degree of butt rot, much of which is caused by P. weirii weaken the tree and lead to stem breakage low on the bole.

Laminated root rot poses a major threat to its most important host, second-growth Douglas-fir. The disease causes root decay, which can cause significant growth reduction, and makes trees susceptible to blow down and stem breakage (the latter is rare in coastal trees).

Other information

Initial infection and spread of the fungus in a stand occurs when healthy roots come in contact with diseased roots. The fungus can remain viable in stumps and roots for many decades after tree death thus serving as a source of inoculum for subsequent rotations. Mycelia do not grow freely through the soil and spores are not believed to be important in disseminating the disease. Disease centres develop around infected stumps and expand radially at rates of about 30 cm per year.

Canadian Forest Service Publications

Laminated root rot douglas-fir form

Information on host(s)

Main host(s)

Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir

Secondary host(s)

Amabilis fir, California red fir, Engelmann spruce, grand fir, mountain hemlock, noble fir, Sierra redwood, Sitka spruce, subalpine fir, western hemlock, western larch, western yew, white fir

Photos
  • Laminated root rot douglas-fir form Dead and dying trees in a P. weirii disease centre
  • Laminated root rot douglas-fir form Bark stain on Douglas-fir
  • Laminated root rot douglas-fir form Windthrown Douglas-fir in a root-rot centre with characteristic root-balls
  • Laminated root rot douglas-fir form Mauve-coloured ectotrophic mycelium and brown crust-like mycelium on a Douglas-fir root
  • Laminated root rot douglas-fir form Fruiting body of P. weirii on Douglas-fir
  • Laminated root rot douglas-fir form Incipient decay in outer sapwood
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