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Birch leaf blister

Birch leaf blister - Blisters on leaves
  • Latin name: Taphrina carnea Johanson
  • French name: Cloque des feuilles du bouleau
  • Division: Ascomycota
  • Class: Taphrinales




Eastern Canada

Damage, symptoms and biology

The fungus causes bulges and blisters to appear on the surface of leaves. Infection is initiated in the spring when the growing leaves are still immature. As with many other fungal diseases, cool, wet spring weather favours the development of the pathogen. The fungus grows in the leaves, creating greenish blisters on the surface. Around the middle of summer, the blisters become darker and turn brown, and the fungus begins producing spores. The development of the spores causes the epidermis of the leaf to break, allowing the spores to escape. They over winter in bud scales and cause new infections the following spring.

Other information

Spraying a fungicide before leaf-out in the spring generally eradicates the disease. To find out about the registered products available for use against a particular insect or disease, please contact the Pest Management Information Service of the Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA), at the following toll-free number: 1-800-267-6315.

Canadian Forest Service Publications

Birch leaf blister

Information on host(s)

Main host(s)

Grey birch, white birch, yellow birch