Fluoride injury

Fluoride injury - Foliage discolouration
  • Latin name: Veneficium fluoris Humain
  • French name: Intoxication au fluor
  • Division: Pollutio
  • Class: Vaporifera
  • Synonym(s): Fluor gazeux (H2F) ,
    Pollution au fluor
Description

Micro-habitat(s)

Leaf

Distribution

Canada

Damage, symptoms and biology

Sources of fluoride pollution are numerous: glass manufacturing, aluminium smelters and water filtration plants that add fluoride to the water. Fluoride is a gas and it spreads over readily. As a gaz, it can enter needles and leaves directly, after which it dissolves in the cellular fluids, builds up and becomes concentrated, leading to cellular destruction. Many types of damage result from these processes, with common symptoms including yellowing and discoloration of needles in conifers and necrosis followed by defoliation in deciduous trees.

Other information

Pines are particularly sensitive to fluoride pollution, but apple trees appear to be fairly resistant.

Canadian Forest Service Publications

Fluoride injury

Information on host(s)

Main host(s)

Conifer, deciduous

Photos
  • Fluoride injury Foliage discolouration
Date modified: