Shining willow

  • Latin name: Salix lucida ssp. lucida
  • French name: Saule brillant
  • Taxonomic Serial Number: 524654
  • NA2 , C1
Description

Leaves

  • Leaf with details of gland-tipped teeth on margin (above), stipule showng glandular margin (right), and glands at leaf stalk–blade junction (left) - shining willow

Form

  • Lance-shaped
  • Tip very long-pointed, base rounded
  • Lower surface shiny
  • Young leaves hairy

Length

  • 4–15 cm
  • Stipules 1–6 mm

Colour

  • Upper surface shiny dark green
  • Lower surface paler
  • Young leaves tinged with red
  • Hairs rust-coloured

Margin

  • Teeth gland-tipped
  • Glandular margins on stipules

Petiole

  • Glandular at junction with the blade

Buds

Form

  • Pointed, pressed against the twig, closely spaced
  • Covered with a single scale
  • No true terminal bud; end bud originates as a lateral bud
  • Flower buds larger than leaf buds
  • Leaf scars V-shaped, with 3 vein scars
  • Stipule scars on either side

Colour

  • Light brown

Twigs

Form

  • Shiny, hairy when young, becoming hairless

Colour

  • Yellowish-brown to reddish-brown
  • Hairs rust-coloured

Flowers

  • Pollen catkin - shining willow
  • Seed catkin - shining willow
  • Pollen flower - shining willow

Form

  • Catkins on short leafy shoots

Length

  • Pollen catkins 2–4 cm
  • Seed catkins slightly longer

Structure

  • Dioecious

Floral timing

  • With the leaves

Fruits

Form

  • Capsules narrowly ovoid
  • Hairless

Length

  • 4–7 mm

Colour

  • Light brown

Timing

  • Bracts shed before capsules ripen

Bark

Colour

  • Brown

Size

Height

  • To 10 m
  • The tallest native willow in Newfoundland and Labrador

Tree form

Open-grown

Crown

  • Broad, rounded
  • Branches upright

Habitat

Site

  • Wide variety of wet sites

Range

West as far as Saskatchewan, and from Hudson Bay south to Indiana

Insects and diseases

Insects and diseases that are found most frequently and/or that cause the most damage in our Canadian forests.

Distribution map
Distribution map - shining willow
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