Identify a conifer tree

Group 11

Birch

Leaves alternate, simple; edges toothed

Western boreal forest species; mature bark creamy white or slightly pinkish; leaves dotted with several small resin glands on the lower surface

  • Alaska paper birch
  • Alaska paper birch

Mature bark white; leaves without conspicuous resin glands, tip long-pointed, upper surface bluish-green

  • Blueleaf birch

Twigs fragrant, with strong wintergreen flavour and odour; buds mostly hairless; bark dark cherry red to almost black, becoming grayish with age

  • Cherry birch

Mature bark white; leaves without conspicuous resin glands, tip long-pointed, upper surface rough, shiny dark green

  • Grey birch
  • Grey birch

Mature bark dark brown to gray, never white; leaves dull dark green and hairy on the upper surface

  • Kenai birch

Species of eastern North America; mature bark white; leaves dotted with several small resin glands on the upper surface

  • Mountain paper birch
  • Mountain paper birch

Mature bark dark brown to gray, never white; leaves yellowish-green, upper surface shiny

  • Water birch

Mature bark white, sheds in large sheets; leaves without conspicuous resin glands, tip short-pointed

  • White birch
  • White birch

Twigs fragrant, with strong wintergreen flavour and odour; buds often hairy; bark reddish brown, becoming dull yellow with age

  • Yellow birch
  • Yellow birch
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