Spruce needle rust

Spruce needle rust - A white spruce infected by <em>Chrysomyxa ledi</em>, a cause of spruce needle rust.
  • Latin name: Chrysomyxa ledi (Alb. & Shwein.) de Bary
  • French name: Rouille des aiguilles de l'épinette
  • Division: Basidiomycota
  • Class: Uredinales
Description

Micro-habitat(s)

Needle

Distribution

Eastern Canada

Damage, symptoms and biology

The fungus causes rust on the current year's needles and varying degrees of defoliation. The infected needles dry out, turn red, die and drop off. The pathogen over winters on the foliage of a small plant called Labrador tea (Ledum groenlandicum Retzius.). In spring, a first type of spores develops and spreads the disease to other Labrador tea plants. At the start of summer, a second type of spores appears on Labrador tea plants and they infect the needles of spruce. Tiny red dots appear on the infected needles, and a third type of spores develops on these spots. Around the middle of the summer, white pustules containing mature spores ranging from orange to yellow in colour become visible; these spores end up infecting some new Labrador tea plants.

Other information

To reduce the risk of disease, spruce trees should not be planted in areas with large numbers of Labrador tea plants, such as in very wet or swampy zones.

Canadian Forest Service Publications

Spruce needle rust

Information on host(s)

Main host(s)

Black spruce, Labrador tea, red spruce

Photos
  • Spruce needle rust Labrador tea plant, an alternate host of the spruce needle rust.
  • Spruce needle rust A white spruce infected by Chrysomyxa ledi, a cause of spruce needle rust.
  • Spruce needle rust Fruiting bodies and spores
  • Spruce needle rust Rust on needles
  • Spruce needle rust Rust on needles
  • Spruce needle rust Rust on needles
Date modified: